The state needed to preserve an unlimited forms

As a way to management all spheres of life the state needed to preserve an unlimited forms. In no different interval of historic historical past we hear of so many officers as in Maurya occasions

The executive mechanism was backed by an elaborate system of espionage Numerous kinds of spies collected intelligence about overseas enemies and saved an eye fixed on quite a few officers Additionally they helped the gathering of cash from credulous folks by way of deliberate resort to superstitious practices.

Essential functionaries had been known as tiithas. It appears that evidently most functionaries had been paid in money The best functionaries had been minister (.mantrin), excessive priest (purohita), commander- in-chief (senapati) and crown-prince (yuvaraja), who had been paid generously as a lot as 48 thousand panas (pana being a silver coin equal to three-fourths of a tola) In sharp distinction to them the bottom officers got 60 panas m consolidated pay though some staff got as little as 10 or 20 panas. Due to this fact it will appear that there have been monumental gaps between the very best and the bottom class of presidency servants

Financial Rules

If we depend on the Arthasastra of Kautilya it will apoear that the state appointed 27 superintendents (adhyakshas) largely to control the financial actions of the state They managed and controlled agriculture, tirade and commerce, weights and measures, crafts corresponding to weaving and spinning, mining, and so forth, The state additionally offered irrigation amenities and controlled water provide for the advantage of agriculturists. Megasthenes informs us that within the Maurya empire the officer measured the land as in Egypt and inspected the channels by way of which water was distributed into smaller channels.

If we consider the Arthasastra of Kautilya, a hanging social improvement of the Maurya interval was the employment of slaves in agricultural operations. Megasthenes states that he didn’t discover any slaves in India. However there is no such thing as a doubt that home slaves had been discovered m India from Vedic occasions onwards. For the primary time within the Maurya interval slaves had been engaged in agricultural work on a big scale The state maintained farms, on which quite a few slaves and employed labourers had been employed 150,zero              war-captives introduced by Asoka from Kahnga could have bean engaged in agriculture. However historic Indian society was not a slave society. What the slaves did m Greece and Rome was performed by the sudras m India. The sudras had been thought to be the collective property of the three greater varnas They had been compelled to serve them as slaves, artisans, agricultural labourers, and home servants.


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