Ottoman  And Roman Medicine

The master of the doctors: Ibn-i Sina

Ebu’l-Ali el Hiiseyin b.Abdullah Ibn-i Sina born in Hormisen in A.D. 980 near Buhara and known as “the master and the monarch of the doctors” has reigned over the Eastern and the Western me-dicine for 600 years. The maturation, the progress and the emer-gence of this little giant who started to the primary school when he was 5-6 years old are unbelievable. After having learnt logic, mathematics and astronomy, he starts to deal with the medicine. Especially, he studies the causes of the emergence and the spre-ading of the diseases and the methods of treatment. Ibn-i Sina who finishes his religious education at the age of 10, finds the remedy for the illness of “angina” which couldn’t be cured until that time. He’s awarded by being nominated to the direction of the palace library mamed “§ivan al-hikma” belonging to Samanogullan. Ibn-i Sina involved in the books of the library and who is 20 years old when Nuh bin Mansur dies, goes to Harzem. The real inventor of the cybernetic and the automation El-Biruni accepts him and they work together; but this fact gives rise to the jealousy and some investigations are made about him: after these events, he lives Harzem and travels to the other places. He decides to stay in Ha- nedan which is his last stop and he spends his life here; he dies in 1037. His greatest work is shortly “The Law”. This manuscript translated to all Western languages is a piece of art with the calligraphy, the adorning and the anatomic miniatures.

The Ottoman medicine

One of the most important doctors of the Ottoman period is the doctor and poet Nidai who had lived in the second half of the 16. century; he’s one of the five children of a family who had migrated from Jerusalem to Ankara. Nidai becomes one of the private doctors of §ehzade (son of a Sultan) Selim during the years of 1558-1562 and writes the illustrated medical manuscript in Turkish called “ed-Dihrii 1-Manzum” while practicing his profession in the asylums. After the ascendance of §ehzade Selim to the throne, he becomes one of the doctors of the palace and he dies on a date which could not have been determined up to now. Nidai has seven works, most of them related to the medicine.

The Roman Medicine

It’s known that the Roman medicine is originated from the agriculture and the farmers were using the mixtures of plants and remedies. The two most important witnesses of this period are the Roman statesman, the orator and the first master of prose in Latin Marcus Porcius Cato (BC 234-149). The unique text remaining from Cato is the booklet about the agriculture. Besides his experiences of agriculture in his work, Cato witnesses also the relationship between agriculture and medicine. While the Roman people attribute extraordinary forces to the wool, Cato advises to eat cabbage in abundance to be protected against illnesses and even he proposes to drink the urine of person who ate cabbage.

The chapter “De Medicina” (About Medicine) considered among the greatest medical classics of the most important medical author of the Roman period Aulos Cornelius Celsus, has been found bythePope V.Nicolaus (1397 – 1455) in the Middle Age and has been one of the first medical books published after the invention of the printing machine (1478). Celsus having the titles of “Cicero of the Doctors” and “Hippokrates of the Roman people” gives important informations about the hygien in his work and defines the plastic surgery operations.